The Sagarmatha National Park (SNP), is home to The Mt. Everest and many other scenic mountains, snow-capped peaks, gorges, glaciers, rivers as well the beautiful Sherpa villages. The park is has 3 mountains which are 8000 and above, namely, Mt.Everest, Lhotse and Cho Oyu. It also has 5 mountains of 7000 meter and more, namely, Gyachung Kang, Nuptse, Pumori, Baruntse and Nangpai Gosum”. Apart from such high peaks there are about 20 or more mountains of 6000 meters range. The Sagarmatha National Park is all about some of the word’s high peaks, the oldest glacier and some breathtaking scenery. There are 3 significant rivers that flow in this region, such as Bhote Kosi, Dudh Kosi and Imja Khola. This region has many glaciers like Nangpa Glacier, Ngozumpa Glacier, Khumbu Glacier, Imja Glacier and more.

Situated in north-east of Nepal, the region was named as Sagarmatha National Park in 1976. It covers 1148 square kilometers of Himalayan Zone in the Khumbu region. The park was declared as natural world heritage site by UNESCO in 1979. Under the Ramsar Convention in 2007, Gokyo & Associated lakes of Sagarmath National Park were designated as a Wetland of international importance.  The altitude in SNP ranges from 2,845m at Monjo to 8,848m (Mount Everest / Sagarmatha).

Climate

SNP begins with Temperate zone and goes up to Nival Zone which is covered in snow through the year. The areas covering Monjo and Namche are the Temperate zone.  The after the areas covering Namche, Khumjung, Thamo, Thame, Tengboche, Pangboche and nearby villages are classified as Alpine zone.
The other high altitude areas of Shomare, Dingboche, Pheriche can be classified as Sub-Nival climate.   The region that is mostly covered under snow throughout the year comes after Lobuche, which is classified as Nival zone. The Gokyo lakes also come under the Nival zone.

Flora and Fauna

About 69% of the Park above the altitude level of 5000 meters and are simple barren lands.

The vegetation is generally found in the lower altitude areas.  The lower altitude areas have many trees such as Himalayan blue pine, Sliver fir, Juniper, Birch, Rhododendron, Scrub and other alpine plant species which are common in higher altitude.

The Sagarmatha National Park comparatively has a low number of mammals as compared to other parts of the Nepal Himalaya. The park is home to Red Panda, Snow Leopard, Musk Deer, Himalayan Tahr, Marten, Wolf, Himalyan black Bear, Himalayan Mouse Hare and few others.

The park is also home of few species of reptiles, amphibians and butterflies. There’s also significant number of bird species found in the park like Himalayan Monal, Snow Cock, Blood Pheasant, Red-billed Chough, Yellow-Billed Chough, Griffin and others.

People

The major ethnic groups in this area are Sherpa, Tamang and Rai. The region is mostly dominated by Sherpas . The Sherpa people are Tibetan decent and practice Buddhism. The monasteries of Tengboche, Thame, Khumjung, Pangboche as well few others are common gathering place where people celebrate festivals such as Dumje and Mani Rimdu.

Major Attractions

Three of world’s highest mountain peak such as Mt. Everest (8, 848 meters), Mt. Lhotse (8,516 meters) and Cho Oyu (8,201 meters), ranked as 1st, 4th and 6th respectively.
Amazingly beautiful mountains like Pumory and Ama Dablam.
Mount Everest Base Camp and Kala Patthar.
Gokyo Lakes.
Khumbu and other Glaciers.
Mountain passes like Renjo la, Cho La and Kongma la.
Chukung and Thame valley.
Sherpa villages and beautiful monasteries.

How to get there

Fly to Lukla and 1 day trek to Monjo.
Bus to Jiri and 6 days trek.
Flight to Tumlingtar and 10 days trek.
Flight to Phaplu and 5 days trek.

Safety

You can suffer from high altitude sickness if ascend too fats without proper acclimatization. The symptoms that can be attributed as mountain sickness or also referred as ALM include headache, difficulty in sleeping, breathlessness, loss of appetite and general fatigue.  If you develop these symptoms then stop ascending immediately and if symptoms persist, the only cure is to descend to a lower altitude.

Medical facilities can be found in Kunde Hospital Khumjung or Pheriche health post.
Telephone network is mostly available throughout the park.
You also have rescue services of Helicopter rescue services in this area and they are quiet efficient.

Please conserve the forest and stop pollution

Use of firewood and campfires are strictly prohibited in this region. You should stay in a tea house or lodges that are available in this region. Ensure you do not leave behind any item that you carries with you, regardless of the items are usable or not. Use water purifying tablets/drops to consume waters and do not use bottled waters. It is really important to avoid plastics of any kind in this region. Please use dustbins to dump the general biodegradable garbage and ensure no plastic or harmful material of any kind is dropped in any part of the region. Use toilets wherever available and when in the wild, stay at least 150 meters away from the water source also bury the wastes.

Entry Fee

The entry permits are issues at a designated counter before you enter the national park.
SAARC nationals will have to pay Nepali Rs.1500/-
Non SAARC nationals will have to pay Nepali Rs.3000/-
The entry permit is non refundable, non transferable and valid for single entry only.
Entering to park without a permit is illegal.
You will be asked produce this permit at several check posts inside the national park.

REFERENCES and Sources

We have taken few information from the below 2 websites for the above article.
http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/120
http://www.unep.org/